Year 11
Year 11
Kids working

Health and Human Development Units 1 & 2

Through the study of VCE Health and Human Development, students investigate health and human development in local, Australian and global communities.

Health is a dynamic condition that is influenced by complex interrelationships between individuals and biomedical and behavioural factors, as well as physical and social environments. These interrelationships are reflected in a social view of health that sees health as being created in the settings where people live and work. This social view of health recognises the need for personal skills development, the importance of empowering communities to take action to promote health, the creation of social and physical environments that are supportive of health and development, an awareness of the impacts on health of public policies and the need for health services to be oriented towards health promotion and the prevention of ill health.

The study of Health and Human Development is based on the premise that health and human development needs to be promoted at an individual level, and within group and community settings at national and international levels, to maximise global development potential. This underpins the structure of the four units of Health and Human Development. The study also promotes the understanding that nutrition plays a major role in influencing both health status and individual human development.

Aims

This study is designed to enable students to:

  • Develop an understanding of individual human development (physical, social, emotional and intellectual) that occurs through the lifespan stages of childhood, youth and adulthood;
  • Develop an understanding of the physical, mental and social dimensions of health and the interrelationship between health and individual human development;
  • Develop an understanding that variations in health and human development are influenced by a range of determinants including biological and behavioural factors, as well as physical and social environments;
  • Critically examine health and human development from an individual, community, national and global perspective;
  • Develop an understanding of the interdependencies between health, human development and sustainability;
  • Identify, develop and evaluate behaviours and strategies that promote health and human development;
  • Analyse the role of governments and non-government agencies in achieving sustainable improvements in health and human development in Australia and globally.

Structure

The study is made up of four units.

  • Unit 1: The health and development of Australia’s youth
  • Unit 2: Individual human development and health issues
  • Unit 3: Australia’s health
  • Unit 4: Global health and human development

Unit 1: The health and development of Australia’s youth

Area of study 1: Understanding health and development

In this area of study students develop an understanding of the concepts of health and individual human development. In investigating these concepts, students explore the interrelationships that exist within and between them. Students become aware of the differing methods for measuring health status. This area of study provides students with the foundation knowledge to explore health and individual human development throughout the unit.

Area of study 2: Youth health and development

In this area of study students develop an understanding of the physical, social, emotional and intellectual changes associated with the developmental stage of youth. They interpret data on the health status of Australia’s youth and develop an understanding of how determinants including biological and behavioural factors, and physical and social environments influence youth health and individual human development. Students explore the importance of nutrition for the provision of energy and growth during the lifespan stage of youth. They identify the sources of nutrients and the specific functions they perform in the body. They analyse the impact of food behaviours on the health and individual human development of youth.

Area of study 3: Health issues for Australia’s youth

This area of study focuses on a range of health issues for youth. Students investigate in detail one health issue relevant to youth. Possible health issues suitable for investigation include mental health, asthma, diabetes, weight issues, injury, tobacco smoking, alcohol use, illicit substance use, sun protection, sexual and reproductive health, food allergies, homelessness and cyber-safety. Students explore the impact of this health issue on all dimensions of youth health and individual human development. They develop an understanding of how determinants of health act as risk and/or protective factors in relation to their selected health issue. Students form conclusions about personal, community and government strategies or programs designed to influence and promote youth health and individual human development.

Unit 2: Individual human development and health issues

Area of study 1: The health and development of Australia’s children

In this area of study students develop an understanding of the health and individual human development of Australia’s children. Students study the period from conception to approximately twelve years. They explore the physical development that occurs from conception to late childhood, as well as the social, emotional and intellectual changes that occur from birth to late childhood. Students investigate how biological and behavioural factors, physical environments and social environments, including the family and community, influence child health and development.

Area of study 2: Adult health and development

In this area of study, students gain an understanding of health and individual human development of Australia’s adults, including the elderly. Students explore the physical, social, emotional and intellectual changes that occur during adulthood. They describe the health status of Australia’s adults, including the various determinants that have an impact on health and individual human development.

Area of study 3: Health issues

In this area of study students identify a range of health issues that are having an impact on Australia’s health system and investigate at least one health issue in detail. Health issues suitable for investigation include human rights and ethics, medical technology, complementary and/or alternative health services, environmental health, provision of rural health services, the ageing population. Students use statistical data to identify emerging trends and evaluate a range of views related to their selected health issue. Students investigate the actions that could be undertaken in relation to their selected health issue.